Fairfield Ledger

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Neighbors Growing Together | May 25, 2018

Majority of soybean, corn good to excellent

Iowa sees above normal temperatures
Jun 22, 2017

DES MOINES – Warm and windy weather, with spotty thunderstorms, prevailed across Iowa during the week ending June 18, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Those isolated storms left some farmers assessing crop damage from strong winds and hail.

“Many parts of the state saw some needed rain last week, unfortunately it was accompanied by some severe weather that caused some hail damage to crops,” said Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey.

“In general, crops remain in pretty good condition, with 78 percent of corn and 74 percent of beans rated good or excellent,” he added.

The Iowa Crop Progress and Condition report is released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service weekly from April through October. The report also is available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA’s site at www.nass.usda.gov/ia.

The report summary states statewide there were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included cutting hay, spraying herbicides, nitrogen side-dressing, and re-planting.

Topsoil moisture levels rated 5 percent very short, 22 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. Southwestern Iowa reported the highest levels of topsoil moisture with 96 percent adequate to surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 3 percent very short, 15 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus. Only the northeast and southwest corners of the state saw an increase in subsoil moisture. Many reports mentioned the need for timely rain.

Seventy-eight percent of the corn crop was rated in good to excellent condition.

Soybean emergence reached 92 percent, five days behind last year but four days ahead of average. Soybean condition rated 74 percent good to excellent.

Oats headed reached 67 percent this week, four days behind last year. Oat condition rated 77 percent good to excellent.

The first cutting of alfalfa hay reached 94 percent complete this week and second cutting has begun in many areas. Hay condition remained 83 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition decreased slightly to 69 percent good to excellent.

Some livestock stress was reported as a result of the heat.


Iowa sees above normal temperatures

By Harry Hillaker, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship

The week began with unseasonably hot weather with temperatures averaging 10 or more degrees above normal on June 11, 12 and 13.

Temperatures moderated slightly at mid-week, but remained well above normal through June 17.

Temperature extremes for the week varied from highs of 97 degrees at Little Sioux on June 13 and at Lamoni on June 15 to morning lows of 51 degrees June 18 at Chariton and Mount Ayr.

Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 8.1 degrees above normal.

Showers and thunderstorms were scattered across the state every day. Many areas received some much needed rainfall, but a few, mainly in northwest, south central and southeast Iowa saw only light amounts.

Weekly rain totals varied from 0.21 inches at Indianola to 4.65 inches at Corning.

The statewide average rainfall was 1.40 inches while normal for the week is 1.19 inches.

There were isolated severe storms on June 12, 13 and 14. The most widespread severe weather occurred across about the southeast one-half of Iowa on June 15, with very large hail reported in Franklin, Marion and Page counties. High winds raked the far west/southwest portions of Iowa on June 16 while there were more reports of very large hail from Appanoose and Muscatine counties on June 17.

Harry Hillaker is the state climatologist with the Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship.

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